The Maltese dog is extremely lively and playful. They are true companion dogs that love people and like to stay close to them. Some Maltese can sometimes become irritated in smaller children, although their socialization at a young age will lessen this habit. This snow-white dog breeds are extremely docile, fearless, affectionate, intelligent, gentle, and playful.
Really the perfect dog breed for an apartment or urban home. These dogs, therefore, do not require a large garden. A walk in the city is more than enough. Maltese are good watchdogs and like to be heard. Owners sometimes experience this as undesirable behavior. This behavior must, therefore, be addressed as soon as possible with the right upbringing.
The Maltese belongs to the group of companion dogs and dwarf dogs.
Country of origin: Malta, Central Mediterranean.
Current and original duties: Companion dog.
Other Names: Bichon Maltese, Maltese Terrier, Maltese Lion
Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years
Temperament: Docile, Fearless, Affectionate, Intelligent, Lively, Reactive, Gentle, Active, Playful
Weight – Male: 3–4 kg, Female: 3–4 kg
Shoulder Height – Male: 21–25 cm, Female: 20–23 cm
Maltese have clear browbows. The stop is deep. The ears are triangular in shape and are carried hanging, close to the skull. They have a scissor bite.
The body is longer than high. The back is straight. The chest extends beyond the elbows. The tail is thick at the base and tapers to a point. The feet are round with bent toes.
Coat of the Maltese
The Maltese have a thick, shiny coat. The coat is long and silky. Some Maltese may have curly hair (especially behind the ears), but this is considered an error. The coat color is pure white. A pale ivory shade is allowed on the ears. Some standards allow a pure white coat with a little lemon marking.
Maltese have no undercoat. Like their relatives, the Poodle and Bichon Frisé, they are considered to be largely hypoallergenic and many people who are allergic to dogs may not be allergic to Maltese. Daily coat care is necessary. Some people prefer their dog to have a short coat. The most common cut for the Maltese is called the “puppy haircut”. Trimmers then shave the entire body (skirt, legs/feet, chest, head, and coat) to a short length that usually covers less than an inch.
Maintenance and care of the Maltese
The Maltese need coat treatment at least two to three times a week (long coats). Dogs with a puppy haircut naturally need less coat care. White dogs get dirty very quickly and playing birds often have to bathe. Before taking a bath, it is recommended to completely free the coat from tangles. If not, it will be very difficult to remove the tangles afterward. Use good materials, such as good quality brushes and combs, especially for coat care and toileting the Maltese.
Care ears and trimming
Most Maltese regularly visit (every 4-6 weeks) a professional groomer that helps to groom the coat, trim their nails and clean their ears. Keep in mind that the pet’s ears should only be treated with a special solution prescribed by the vet. In this case, the use of cotton swabs should be avoided.
Most dogs of this breed of dog tend to actively release tears. That is why you can use special eye water and wipes. They help reduce the animal’s discomfort and keep their eyes in good condition. That is also the reason that brown stripes appear under the eyes.
Maltese have extra dental care. These dogs tend to develop many dental problems. Without proper care, infected teeth can fall out as the dog ages. Brush the teeth daily with a soft toothbrush and special dog toothpaste to prevent dental problems.
It is generally accepted that the Maltese come from the island of Malta. Sometimes Melita is mentioned as the origin, but that is the old designation for Malta. Some speak of the Adriatic island of Mljet, which was also called Melita. The breed is said to have originated from a number of indigenous races about 900 BC. The Maltese is the progenitor of a number of breeds such as the Yorkshire, the Bolognese, the Havanese, and the Bichon Frisé.
Artists, writers, and poets immortalized this variety in their works. The mention of the Maltese can be found in the artworks of Greece, Egypt, and Rome. Even Aristotle mentioned this race. But the Greeks erected whole graves for their dead lap dogs. Excavations in Egypt have also shown that these dogs were highly valued in ancient Egyptian culture. For years, Europeans believed that Maltese lapdogs can heal people.
Despite the fact that dogs of this breed survived the Roman Empire, the Maltese were nearly destroyed in the 17-18 centuries as a result of failed breeding experiments to reduce the dog’s size. After this catastrophic experiment, breeders of poodles and spaniels have been actively restoring the breed. In the US, the Maltese lap dog first appeared at the end of the nineteenth century.
Behavior and character of the Maltese
The Maltese is a very gentle but also fearless dog breed. Glamorous white hair gives the animal a special noble look, but do not forget that appearance can be deceiving. This breed is very playful and energetic. Maltese are excellent companions, they are successful in agility and obedience, as well as in tracking. Above all, these pets like to be with their family.
The Maltese lap dog reacts very well, and he can also handle the tasks that watchdogs entail. These dogs learn quickly, especially if you use rewards for correctly executed commands. These dogs love fun dog toys and a soft dog bed .
They are very social dogs. They are excellent with peers and other pets. Some Maltese can sometimes become irritated in smaller children and need to be controlled during play, although their socialization at a young age will lessen this habit. The owner must take into account that children leave the dog in its value.
Intercourse and movement
Maltese are very active in the home and prefer a normal family home. A garden is not necessary. For this reason, the breed also does well in apartments and mansions. A block three times a day is in principle sufficient for dogs of this breed. However, if you want to take active walks, the Maltese will be happy to accompany you. Some Maltese may experience separation anxiety.
Education and training of the Maltese
Maltese are very easy to train and educate. Be consistent and clear and give the commands in a cheerful manner. They are very sensitive to harsh words, the breed should absolutely not be raised with a hard hand.
If you reward this dog with a lot of praise and treats, they will do everything to please the owner. Some pets may be too independent in nature, but this can be easily addressed if you use the right reward system. After the dog realizes that it is getting a treat for the correctly completed task, it will be even more diligent in meeting your requirements.
Small breed dogs should never be suppressed or trained with aggression. This can lead to aggression from the animal. Abuse or physical punishment will cause the dog to become suspicious and cause internal protest, as well as lose confidence in its owner.
The main rule during training is the reward for obedience and ignoring disobedience. Most experts tend to believe that training Maltese should begin at six to eight months of age. The upbringing can start from the first days after your puppy’s arrival.
If you want to become the owner of an absolutely healthy Maltese , buy a puppy only from trusted Maltese breeders or go through the Maltese Kennel Club. You must be sure that the puppies are not bothered by genetic or other diseases that are passed on from generation to generation.
Small breeds are prone to various health problems. Maltese are no exception. The most problematic period is the first few months after birth. Stick to the breeder’s food regulations.
Due to the small size of the dog and puppy, many owners often over-protect this dog. This leads to the pet becoming anxious. Give your Maltese puppy enough freedom. He must understand for himself what is dangerous for him and what is not. Finally, Maltese puppies are very small. Do not let young children play with him without supervision so as not to injure the animal.