Dog Breeds Labrador retriever

Labrador retriever

Labrador retriever

Labrador Retriever At the end of the 18th century, two types of black dogs were found in Newfoundland: a large one called “Newfoundlander” and a smaller one called “Labrador” or “St. John’s dog”. An English hunter took such a small black dog back to England from St. John, Newfoundland in the late 18th century.

In the following years, dogs were regularly brought from Newfoundland to England, where the breed was recognized in 1903. The Portuguese word “lavrador” means “laborer” in English, meaning workers, which could indicate that this little black dog was originally from Southern Europe.

Did you know that only 20% of the Labradors you encounter on the street have an official pedigree? We call pedigree dogs without a pedigree ‘look-alikes’. To know more about the difference between a pedigree dog and a ‘look-alike’ see the page ‘ Why a pedigree dog? “.  


Strongly built, a short dog with a broad skull, broad chest and ribs, and wide hindquarters. The distinctive ‘otter tail’ is of medium length, very thick at the base and tapering to a point. All around lined with a short thick coat, giving the tail the special round shape.

The coat is short , dense and without wave, rather harsh to the touch, with a weatherproof undercoat. Colors: black, yellow or liver / chocolate colored.

The height at the withers of the Labrador Retriever is between 55 – 60 cm. The weight varies from 30 – 35 kilos.


Intelligent, affectionate and “the will to please” is widely present. Friendly, without a trace of aggressiveness or fear. She likes people and is a pleasant housemate. When he gets a lot of exercise in the wild, it is a quiet house dog, but trained as a hunting dog, he still comes into its own.


The breed clubs; Labrador Circle The Netherlands and the Dutch Labrador Association are concerned with the health of the Labrador retriever. This is part of the association breeding regulations of every breed club. They make the following examinations compulsory for the parent animals: Hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, ECVO eye examination and DNA examination for PRA.

For the association breeding regulations and more information, please contact the breed clubs.

There are special rules for this breed, so you can not breed with certain coat colors. For more information, see the page ‘Breeding with unrecognized colors’. 


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