You have probably discovered a tick in the coat of your dog or cat. A small scary animal with furry legs that sucks with blood from your pet. What do ticks do and how dangerous are they actually? You can read all about this in this article.
Ticks, larvae and nymphs
Ticks are among the arachnid and are closely related to the mite. Female ticks suck full of blood, drop to the ground and then lay their eggs in that spot. Larvae emerge from this. These larvae look for a host to suck blood. Usually these hosts are wood mice, birds and hedgehogs. The larva drops to the ground and after a rest period the larva develops into a nymph.
The nymphs look for a suitable host, usually medium-sized mammals. The nymph also drops to the ground and develops into an tick after a rest period of 3 months to 2 years. This rest period depends on the temperature.
Ticks wait in forests and bushes for a suitable host. These hosts are larger animals, such as perhaps your dog or cat. But you can also get a tick on your body yourself. This is sometimes the case after a walk in the woods.
When are ticks active?
The larvae and nymphs are mainly active in the spring. Ticks are active from March to November. In winter, ticks keep calm. In a warm winter, the ticks can stay active longer.
Check yourself and your dog for ticks after a walk in the woods. If you remove the tick within 24 hours, there is usually nothing wrong.
What happens after a tick bite?
Your pet may develop inflammation or even an abscess at the site of the bite. Various problems can also arise due to toxins. Furthermore, pets can get complaints when bitten by a large number of ticks. All ticks suck a tiny amount of blood from your animal. When a lot of ticks do this, the animal can lose so much blood that anemia develops. Pets can even die from the anemia caused by tick bites.
The greatest danger is the diseases that can transmit ticks. This happens 24-48 hours after attaching to your pet.
Diseases transmitted by ticks
Borreliosis (Van Lyme disease)
The most common disease is Borreliosis or Van Lyme disease and is transmitted by the sheep tick. 40% of the ticks are infected in our areas. Only a small proportion of pets bitten by a sick tick develop the disease.
Your pet will develop a high fever, loss of appetite, and listlessness. Inflammation of the joints can occur and failure of organs can occur at a late stage.
Babesiosis is transmitted by the cow tick and the brown dog tick. These ticks are not common in our regions, but due to climate change and the release of deer and wood mice, we see the tick more and more.
The babesia parasites attack the red blood cells. Your pet will develop anemia, high fever, jaundice and red or green urine.
Man and sign
You too can be bitten by a tick. Lyme disease manifests itself in humans by the appearance of a red ring around the bite site after approximately 1 month. Other complaints may then arise; such as neurological complaints, heart disorders and joint problems.
Other diseases that can be transmitted by ticks include cat scratch disease, tick encephalitis, rickettsiosis and anaplasmosis.
Prevent fleas and ticks
There are different types of products to preventively protect your animal. This way these annoying diseases are prevented in your animal and you can go outside with your animal without worries. These preventive products are available in pipettes and tapes.
A good flea and tick band works for a long time and is not harmful when touched. The Seresto tick and flea collar are water-resistant and odorless. This protects your pet for 7 to 8 months against fleas and ticks. Two substances are spread through the belt over the skin and coat of your animal. These fabrics protect your animal against fleas and ticks. Cani shield is also a flea and tick band. This band protects your dog against ticks for 6 months and against fleas for 4 months. This tire also protects against sand flies.
During the treatment, the liquid from flea drops between the shoulder blades of your pet must be completely emptied onto the skin. Do not massage this product. It is best even if you stay away from it for a while. These pipettes need to be applied more often, depending on which brand you buy the pipette. Advantix has flea and tick drops for dogs. Advantix not only works against fleas and ticks but also against mosquitoes, sand flies and stable flies. Also Frontline has pipettes against fleas and ticks, this is for cats and dogs.